Tarantula General Features Facts
| | 7 July, 2020 | 0
Tarantula is a member of theraphosidae family. Approximately 1000 species have been identified, the general name given to hairy spiders of various sizes and often. Some types of tarantula have become popular in the exotic pet market. Some new world species that are fed as pets have itchy feather that irritates the skin and can even harm the eyes.
- Theraphosidae family includes about 900 species.
- They have 8 legs, 2 arms (pedipalp) and 2 teeth.
- It has feathers covering the body.
- The creatures of the theraphosidae family nest in damp shade areas, tree hollows, under stones in general.
- Tarantulas are poisonous but their venom is not enough to cause great harm to a normal person. Itching and light blisters may occur for 2-3 hours in the bite area.
- Some types of tarantulas can reach 10 cm. They are among the most feared creatures in the world with their long hairy legs and scary images.
- The greatly renowned tarantula spider, such as the black widow spider is poisonous but not effective. The poisons are very strong but they use these strengths to catch prey, not to make people uneasy.
- The sizes of tarantulas are very wide. They can be very small or as big as a dinner plate.
- Most tarantulas have 2 teeth and 8 hairy legs.
- They have 8 eyes but they cannot see well.
- The tarantulas bite does not produce strong toxins that can harm a person. The bite is similar to the bite of a wasp.
- They do not chew their food, so they squeeze gastric juices into the prey and wait for their food to become liquefied like a juice. The mouth of the tarantulas is like a straw and easily absorbs liquefied food.
- Tarantulas have many enemies. Snakes, lizards, birds, jackals and foxes can eat tarantulas.
- Tarantula biggest enemy is a type of insect known as “Tarantula Hawk” that paralyzes the spider and lays eggs on its body. The larvae left by the insect eat the paralyzed spider while it is still alive.
- Tarantulas use their easily removable feathers on the back and abdomen to defend themselves against predators. These feathers cause unpleasant itching when they come into contact with predators.
- Tarantulas produce a kind of silk to mark their territory, protect their eggs and hide their nests.
- There are species specific to those continents, whose habitats live on all continents except for poles and Australia.
- The regions they live in can show diversity such as rain forests, areas close to deserts, meadows. However, the common feature in these areas is moistness, darkness and cavities, rocks and objects where they can be hidden.
- Males are much smaller than females. Most females eat males after mating.
- The female’s incubation period is approximately 1 to 3 months. They lay about 2000 eggs.
- Most young spiders are eaten by predators in the first few years of their lives.
- Male tarantulas live from 5 to 10 years and females live more than 20 years.
Types of Tarantula
- Acanthoscurria Brocklehursti: It is a large tarantula species covering 36 species, all live in South America and the Caribbean. The natural habitats they prefer are the moist rain forest regions. They are aggressive and big tarantulas, which generally do not have bright colors, brown, black-weighted tones. In particular, species such as Acanthoscurria Geniculata and Acanthoscurria Brockelhursti are often found in terrariums.
- Acanthoscurria Geniculata: It is a very aggressive and attacker species. Attacks or bombs to bite when disturbed. Adult females can reach 10 cm in length, they are active tarantulas that do not like to hide. They need a lot of space.
- Aphonopelma Seemanni: It defends itself by biting. It is usually hide in its nest and does not appear much around. According to Aphonopelma Bicoloratum, it is quite hectic and aggressive.
- Avicularia Aurantiaca: It is a very calm and big Avicularia species. Despite the interventions, it does not show aggression and usually spends its time in its big home, not very active. It has a pretty cute look with its furry body and orange lines on its joints.
- Brachypelma Boehmei: It is partly aggressive and grows faster than other members of the breed. When disturbed, it immediately bombs and attacks to bite. It often climbs on the glass and does not like hiding, often wandering in visible places.
- Brachypelma Vagans: As it can be understood from wide spreading areas, they are opurtunist and durable Tarantulas. Chunky body structures enable them to dig deep tunnels even on hard floors. Their front body is completely black, bright red hairs cover the back body. They are generally calm tarantulas but they become very aggressive when hunting.
- Chromatopelma Cyaneopubescens: Usually escapes to its nest. They often bomb when they need to defend themselves. It is an active tarantula type, likes to climb.
- Grammostola Actaeon: They are very active and big spiders like Grammostola Ihering, they would be more suitable to keep in a big terrarium. They have a curious structure, they come to control immediately in any movement inside the terrarium.
- Grammostola Aureostriata: A calm Tarantula species. It likes to dig deep tunnels. It can be withdraw into its cave for a long time during the change shell periods.
- Grammostola Grossa: It is a calm Tarantula type. It does not like hiding and usually walks around in its terrarium to look good. It is not afraid of big prey. In addition to the normal feed, you can feed it with a baby mouse every six months.
Scientific classification of Tarantula General Features Facts