Secretary bird



The Secretary bird has a cursorial way of life

Ssecretary bird” is the name of an extremely large, generally earthly bird of prey. Though widespread in Africa, it frequents the open pampas and also the savannah of the sub-Saharan expanse. In spite of being a part of “Accipitriformes”, an order that also consists of numerous additional diurnal raptors, it has its personal family, which is “Sagittariidae.”

Catches a lizard

Catches a lizard

This bird can be instantly recognized due to its large size and eagle-like form and legs that look like cranes. Its head is eagle-like and has a curved bill and its wings are rounded. Its average height varies between 90 and 137 cm and its average weight varied between 2.3 and 5 kg.


When viewed from a distance or when flying it appears more like a crane than any bird of prey. Its tail is distinguished by a couple of extended central feathers that go further than its feet when it is flying. Another distinguishing feature is its posterior crest formed by its lengthy smooth plumage.


It likes open grasslands and also the savannas better than the woodlands and intense shrubbery as these are likely to hinder their cursorial way of life. While at night its roosts on the neighboring Acacia trees it spends a greater part of the daytime on the land.

It’s skeleton

It’s skeleton


Though it is most prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa and does not migrate it may pursue food sources. It geographical locations starts from Mauritania through to Somalia and till the Cape of Good Hope in the South. It also frequents various altitudes that include the coastal plains and the highlands.


It is different from nearly all birds of prey in that it is principally terrestrial and hunts its preys on foot. Its preys include insects, various mammals of various sizes from a mouse to a hare. It also has lizards, crabs, tortoises, snakes, bird eggs, young birds, and occasionally lifeless animals.


They typically mate on the land, while a few mate in Acacia trees. They build nests at an elevation of between 5 and 7 m on an Acacia tree. They lay between two and three within a couple of days or so. The females incubate them for 45 days, which is when they hatch.

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Scientific classification of Secretary bird

Secretary bird


Secretary bird

Secretary bird

Conservation status:


Scientific Classification

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Range of the Secretary bird

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