Mussels Behaviour Facts


  • Mussels is a seafood that is among the invertebrate creatures. It has a black hard shell.
  • These creatures, which can live in fresh waters and seas are beneficial for health when consumed during the season.
  • The mussels that reproduce by spawning live under the rocks very close to the land.
  • Mussels without a foot and a head area are a crustacean creature. The mussel which has a sexual reproductive system, is also a female and male breed, as a result of some research has been stated.
  • Mussels are a species that can accumulate heavy metal. Therefore, frequent consumption may cause harm to the body.
  • It is recommended to separate shells and gills for mussel consumption. The mussels separated from the shells and gills are considered to be healthier.

Mussel bed in the ocean

Mussels Facts

  • Mussels are a small sea creature.
  • Most of them live in the seas but there are also species living in fresh waters.
  • It is a shellfish and covered with two shells facing each other. This shell protects mussels.
  • Mussels can be smaller than 1 cm and there are also 0.5 meter.
  • It has more than 10,000 species.
  • Mussels reproduce by spawning.
  • Almost all of the mussel species live close to the land.
  • Although their time of life varies, especially the species living in fresh waters have a very long life time. It is even written in some sources that they have a life time longer than a human life. There is even information that mussels living in these fresh waters can live up to 100 years. Sea mussels are generally known to have a life time of 10-15 years.
  • They can open and close their shells.
  • There are two pairs of gills. They release the water they take from their shells again through excretion.
  • Their feeding is thanks to the lashes in their gills and they are fed with very small pieces of food.
  • Mussels can move and stick themselves anywhere.
  • Mussels have feet and they have no head parts.
  • Very few species have eyes.
  • Although most of them reproduce sexually, the knowledge that masculinity and femininity are present in some species is also found in some sources.
  • One mussel lays approximately 500,000 thousand eggs in one period.
  • Many species of mussels also carry some health risks due to their survival in areas that are not too clean, such as swamps. But if they live in clean sea waters, there is not much drawback.

Where Does Mussel Live?

With the onset of urbanization, environmental pollution has appeared. This pollution is mostly seen in waters, which are the habitat of mussels. The reason for this is that water is the ideal removal zone for industrial wastes and used waters. Mussels generally prefer places where there are small maggots due to their feeding. These places are regions where marine pollution is intense. The cause of the pollution is sewage waters. Mussels can live in this type of microbes, as well as the waters with high concentrations of iron and copper and these waters are generally mixed with industrial wastes. Heavy metal accumulation is an inevitable result in a mussel that lives in such an environment.

Zebra Mussels

Zebra mussels are native to the Euxine Sea, the Caspian Sea and Aral Sea. It is this type of mussel that spreads from the Danube basin to Europe and from there to North America. It takes its name from its yellow and brown striped shell. These mussels between 1 and 5 cm in length, live in colonies with their own species. The females of the zebra mussels, which are among the most invasive mussels in the world, lay 1 million eggs a year and over 5 million eggs throughout their lives.

Mussel with its strong foot and byssus

What do Mussels Eat?

Mussels are invertebrates that are fed by filtering sea water, taking the plankton in the water and tiny particles of food of all kinds. Between the folds of the mantle covering the organs of the mussels, there is a space called the “cover gap”. Inside this cavity, there are two gill-covered gills that both provide the animal’s breathing and produce the necessary water flow for its feeding. Seawater enters the animal’s abdominal area, glides through the gills and goes out again. During this movement, the plankton and other nutrients contained in sea water are captured by the gill lashes of the mussel and delivered to the mouth.

What are Mussels?

What are mussels is a frequently asked question. Mussels is a sea creature that lives in the seas in general, breathing gills, 4-60 cm in length and can live for 12-14 years.

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Scientific classification of Mussels Behaviour Facts

Mussels Behaviour Facts


Typically, mussels are orange if they are females and pale white if they are males and only fresh water mussels make pearls. Mussels grow a beard called byssus, which they use to firmly attach themselves and other mussels to the ocean bed or rocks; this is how mussel beds are made. They also use the byssus attached at the end of the strong foot to move by extending it and attaching it to the ocean floor and then shortening it gradually as they move forward.
We already told you that mussels feed on plankton, and microscopic plants and animals around them in the water. This happens exactly when the mussels ingest or take in the edible particles from their breathable water and transports them to the digestive track. The parts that they cannot digest are then excreted back into the water. This is also a big reason of a lot of loss of mussel life by water pollution. Interestingly, mussels reproduce in a similar fashion too.
Mussels, mostly sexual, have masculinity and femininity. A female mussel can lay an average of 45,000 eggs. Fertilization of mussels takes place in water. There is a misconception that female mussels are common. The color of their structures in the shell changes at different times of the season. In this case, mussels can sometimes be transparent, sometimes pink, brown and orange. The mussels leave the pink and orange female reproductive cells in the reproductive period and the white reproductive cells into the water. Due to these secretions, mussels are thought to be menstrual. The meat yield of mussels is very low during the fertilization period. It uses most mussel energy to produce fertilization cells and to prepare for the second fertilization.

Mussels Behaviour Facts

Mussels Behaviour Facts

Scientific Classification

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