Llama Habitat and Distribution


Llama has split feet, short tails and long necks. All llama have long banana-shaped ears and slit upper lips. Maturing llama removes incisors. In men competing for dominance, these teeth can cause serious damage. For that reason, the animal farmers are removing the canine teeth of the llama species. Llama appears in many colors such as white, black, brown, pied and gray. Those with short fur are called Ccara and those with medium length are called Curaca. The height of the adults varies between 1.7 and 1.8 meters and by weight they are between 130 and 200 kilograms.

Habitat and Distribution

  • They emigrated from North America during the Ice Age.
  • Llama was first domesticated from wild guanako in Peru 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. However, the animals actually came from North America and migrated to South America during the Ice Age.
  • Llama is grown all over the world today. There are several million in total in America, Europe and Australia.

What do Llama Eat?

These herbivorous creatures feed on a wide variety of plants. They usually eat corn, clover and grass. They have a feature of chewing their food again, such as sheep and cattle. However, they do not bring ruminant. Their stomach still has three compartments. It has a fairly long large intestine that allows it to digest cellulose rich plants and survive with much less water than most mammals.

Llama Facts

  • Their nest is in South America.
  • Because they are herd animals, they usually do not bite, except for dominance struggles. But they spit, wrestle, kick to determine their social rank and fight predators.
  • It is wondered why and when llama spit. They can spit when they are threatened, keeping their food away from others, when the female does not want the male and the males are dominant. It’s about the way they spit on people, their upbringing. This behavior is not seen in the right fields of education.

They are intelligent animals and it does not take long to get used to the halter. They can carry 25% to 30% of their weight for 8 to 13 kilometers.

A llama walking around the grasslands


White Llama Offspring

  • Females mature in their first year, while in males up to three. Llama usually lives 15 to 25 years and some live 30 years.
  • If the male single-humped camel and the female llama mate, a hybrid creature known as ‘cama’ emerges. Due to the size difference between camels and llama, the cama is produced only by artificial insemination.

Conservation Status

They do not have conservation status because they are pets. Llama guanicoe is classified as “least worrying” by IUCN. There are over a million guanacos and the population is growing in size.

Llama and People

In the Incan culture, llamas were used for pack animals, meat and wool. Its fur is soft, it keeps warm and does not contain lanolin oil. Llama fertilizer was important in these early human cultures. They continue to be grown today. In addition to the above features, they serve as guardians for sheep and goats. They feel belong to the herd and protect it from jackals, wild dogs and other predators.

A grow up llama chewing a piece of grass

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Scientific classification of Llama Habitat and Distribution

Llama Habitat and Distribution


Llamas first appeared in the central plains of north America around 40 million years ago. They migrated towards the south of America around three million years back. When the ice age came to an end, a few were also spread over North America. In 2007, several millions llamas were spotted all over South America. Currently in the Canada and the States there are around 158 thousand Llamas.
Options for feeding llamas are quite big. They have farm based seeds that are available everywhere. They eat grains, hay, carrots and twigs only. When it comes to reproduction, the llama males and females will mature sexually at all different ages. They reach purbery by the age of twelve and release an egg which gets fertilized on the first attempt of mating.
Llama copulates by lying down. Pregnancy lasts 350 days (11.5 months) and results in a single offspring. The llama cub is called Cria. Crias gets up in an hour after birth and starts walking. Llama's tongue is not too long. Mothers cannot lick their offspring and so they evolved to give birth in daylight.

Llama Habitat and Distribution

Llama Habitat and Distribution

Conservation status:


Scientific Classification


Although both llama and alpaca belong to the "llama" group, they are separate camelids. Llama are bigger than alpacas and offer more color variation. The llama face is longer and the banana-shaped ears are bigger. Alpacas have flat faces and small ears.

Binomial name

Lama glama

Range of the Llama Habitat and Distribution

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