Llama has split feet, short tails and long necks. All llama have long banana-shaped ears and slit upper lips. Maturing llama removes incisors. In men competing for dominance, these teeth can cause serious damage. For that reason, the animal farmers are removing the canine teeth of the llama species. Llama appears in many colors such as white, black, brown, pied and gray. Those with short fur are called Ccara and those with medium length are called Curaca. The height of the adults varies between 1.7 and 1.8 meters and by weight they are between 130 and 200 kilograms.
These herbivorous creatures feed on a wide variety of plants. They usually eat corn, clover and grass. They have a feature of chewing their food again, such as sheep and cattle. However, they do not bring ruminant. Their stomach still has three compartments. It has a fairly long large intestine that allows it to digest cellulose rich plants and survive with much less water than most mammals.
They are intelligent animals and it does not take long to get used to the halter. They can carry 25% to 30% of their weight for 8 to 13 kilometers.
They do not have conservation status because they are pets. Llama guanicoe is classified as “least worrying” by IUCN. There are over a million guanacos and the population is growing in size.
In the Incan culture, llamas were used for pack animals, meat and wool. Its fur is soft, it keeps warm and does not contain lanolin oil. Llama fertilizer was important in these early human cultures. They continue to be grown today. In addition to the above features, they serve as guardians for sheep and goats. They feel belong to the herd and protect it from jackals, wild dogs and other predators.
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