Little penguin

General

The smallest species of penguins

The Little penguin is the smallest species of penguins that is sually seen in the coastlines of Australia and New Zealand.They are also called fairy penguins because of their small size and are also known as little blue penguins.

The little penguin is the smallest species of penguin. They love staying in the water and searching for food.They are gentle and friendly creatures who are shy and timid at times.

Little baby penguin twins together

Characteristics

The little penguin is the smallest species of penguin. It grows to an average of 33 cm (13 in) in height and 43 cm (17 in) in length.They are one of the smallest specie of penguins who are also known as faiy penguins. The head and upper parts are blue in colour, with slate-grey ear coverts fading to white underneath, from the chin to the belly. Their flippers are blue in colour.

Behavior

Little penguins are known to be inshore feeders and they can dive in as deep as 20mts and stay inside the water for atleast 60 seconds.They are usually diurnal and like many penguin species, spend the largest part of their day swimming and foraging at sea in search of food.They search for food throughout the day and come back home at night.

Distribution

Little Penguins are seen all over around Australia, New Zealand, South Wales, Africa, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. They thrive in the cold weather where there is enough snow fall.

Diet

These birds feed by hunting small clupeoid fish, cephalopods and crustaceans for which they need to travel extensively to hunt for the same.Their prey also includes arrow squid, slender sprat, Graham’s gudgeon, red cod and ahuru as part of their daily meal.

Little penguin at the Melbourne

Reproduction

The little female penguin is known to mature at 2 years but the male matures at 3 years.They are faithful bredding partners who help one another during the bredding period and while hatching eggs as well. Little penguins can breed as isolated pairs, in colonies. The time period varies based on the species and the location

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Scientific classification of Little penguin

Little penguin

Orders

Little penguins are known to be inshore feeders and they can dive in as deep as 20mts and stay inside the water for atleast 60 seconds.They are usually diurnal and like many penguin species, spend the largest part of their day swimming and foraging at sea in search of food.They search for food throughout the day and come back home at night.
Little Penguins are seen all over around Australia, New Zealand, South Wales, Africa, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia. They thrive in the cold weather where there is enough snow fall.
These birds feed by hunting small clupeoid fish, cephalopods and crustaceans for which they need to travel extensively to hunt for the same.Their prey also includes arrow squid, slender sprat, Graham's gudgeon, red cod and ahuru as part of their daily meal.
The little female penguin is known to mature at 2 years but the male matures at 3 years.They are faithful bredding partners who help one another during the bredding period and while hatching eggs as well. Little penguins can breed as isolated pairs, in colonies. The time period varies based on the species and the location

Little penguin

Little penguin

Scientific Classification

Binomial name

Eudyptula minor

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