Their claws help them to grasp and climb trees skillfully.
Koalas mostly face the threat of habitat loss. The capture of their land by people greatly reduces their chances of survival. They are also affected by bush fires and diseases. Koalas are sensitive to bacteria that cause chlamydia. This disease causes the development of conjunctivitis, an eye infection that can lead to blindness. Chlamydia also causes pneumonia, urinary tract and reproductive system infections. The incidence of complications from chlamydia is increasing in koala populations experiencing high environmental stress (such as fires).
Koalas were identified as vulnerable by the International Nature Conservation Association (IUCN). According to IUCN, about 100,000 to 500,000 animals are left in the wild. Although koalas have some legal protection, their populations continue to decline mostly due to habitat loss. The Koala Conservation Act was submitted to parliament in Australia to help protect the koala’s habitat. The Australian Koala Foundation thinks that the number of koalas in the wild is less than 100,000 or even 43,000.
When the baby koala is born, it immediately climbs into its mother’s sac. It is 2 cm long yet. A blind and earless baby koala uses her natural instinct to find her way. Baby Koalas (also known as Joeys) grow and develop by drinking milk in the pouch for six months, eating their mother’s half-digested stools. At the same time, consuming half-digested Eucalyptus feces is the process of getting used to the stiffness of the leaf. When they are strong enough, the grown koala gets on its mother’s back for six months and can use the pouch only for drinking milk. Because they have grown too big to fit in the pouch and it has become impossible for them to enter the pouch again.
There is only one type of koala, but scientists disagree about whether it has a subspecies. However, koalas are considered to be the three most common subspecies:
These subspecies are distinguished by their physical size and fur characteristics. However, based on these characteristics, some scientists believe that there are no subspecies and some do not.
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