Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status


  • Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is an Australian native, herbivorous and tree-bearing mammalian species. It’s the simplest residing consultant of the Phascolarctidae family and its closest relatives are vombats.
  • These cute animals, known as koala bear, actually look more like kangaroos when they carry their cubs in their pouches.
  • Koalas are known for their rounded bodies and unique ear and nose structures. Like other marsupials, females have a permanent pouch to raise their offspring.
  • Before the British settled in Australia, 10 million koalas lived here. Now there are only 43,000 left.

Koala Facts

  • Koalas only eat eucalyptus leaves.
  • Unfortunately, they do not like people very much and they are very satisfied with their living spaces. So it is very difficult to tame koalas.
  • There are some reasons why koalas sleep a lot during the day. Eucalyptus leaves, which are the only food they eat, cannot provide them with the necessary energy and their bodies always want to sleep. In addition, living in the forest, plenty of oxygen causes sleep. But the biggest reason is that they do not eat enough.
  • Koalas are asocial. Mother koalas only care for their offspring as long as they need care.
  • Koalas are an excellent swimmer.
  • These animals accumulate leaves on their cheeks for later food.
  • Koalas sleep by hugging a tree because they want to relax in the hot summer months.
  • Koalas have fingerprints just like humans.
  • The weight of a koala’s brain is only 0.2% of its body weight.
  • In their natural habitats, koalas can live 13-18 years.

Their claws help them to grasp and climb trees skillfully.
A koala eating plants


  • Koala is found in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia, along the eastern and southern coasts of Australia.
  • Koalas generally live in areas consisting of eucalyptus trees and most of their food consists of leaves of this type of trees.
  • The habitats of koalas are Australian forests.
  • Koala’s Habitat choices are limited because they can only live around eucalyptus trees. They survive by climbing the upper parts of the eucalyptus trees.


Threats to the Koala

Koalas mostly face the threat of habitat loss. The capture of their land by people greatly reduces their chances of survival. They are also affected by bush fires and diseases. Koalas are sensitive to bacteria that cause chlamydia. This disease causes the development of conjunctivitis, an eye infection that can lead to blindness. Chlamydia also causes pneumonia, urinary tract and reproductive system infections. The incidence of complications from chlamydia is increasing in koala populations experiencing high environmental stress (such as fires).

Protection Status

Koalas were identified as vulnerable by the International Nature Conservation Association (IUCN). According to IUCN, about 100,000 to 500,000 animals are left in the wild. Although koalas have some legal protection, their populations continue to decline mostly due to habitat loss. The Koala Conservation Act was submitted to parliament in Australia to help protect the koala’s habitat. The Australian Koala Foundation thinks that the number of koalas in the wild is less than 100,000 or even 43,000.

Baby Koala

When the baby koala is born, it immediately climbs into its mother’s sac. It is 2 cm long yet. A blind and earless baby koala uses her natural instinct to find her way. Baby Koalas (also known as Joeys) grow and develop by drinking milk in the pouch for six months, eating their mother’s half-digested stools. At the same time, consuming half-digested Eucalyptus feces is the process of getting used to the stiffness of the leaf. When they are strong enough, the grown koala gets on its mother’s back for six months and can use the pouch only for drinking milk. Because they have grown too big to fit in the pouch and it has become impossible for them to enter the pouch again.
A koala on the tree

Types of Koala

There is only one type of koala, but scientists disagree about whether it has a subspecies. However, koalas are considered to be the three most common subspecies:

  • Phascolarctos cinereus adustus (North / Queensland)
  • Phascolarctos cinereus cinereus (New South Wales)
  • Phascolarctos cinereus victor (Victoria)

These subspecies are distinguished by their physical size and fur characteristics. However, based on these characteristics, some scientists believe that there are no subspecies and some do not.




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Scientific classification of Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status

Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status


Koalas, who had a very short pregnancy, only carry their offspring on their stomach for 35 days. The offsprings who are born 3 - 5 cm enter their mother's pouch and continue to grow and develop here. The purse life lasts 6 months. But it does not end, this time they continue to live on their mother's back. For 2-3 years, the young koala, who grew up on the back of their mothers and tried to learn life. Mother koalas, on the other hand, do not compromise their sleep even when they are looking at their young. Sleeping for 18 hours a day, koalas never give up their sleep.

Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status

Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status

Conservation status:


Scientific Classification


The nutrition of the koala mainly consists of eucalyptus leaves. They can eat 1 kilogram of leaves a day and have special structures that help them digest so many greens. The length of the intestines of koalas is between 2 and 2.4 meters. Although eucalyptus is toxic to many animals, symbiotic bacteria in its intestines break down toxic substances such as tannins found in eucalyptus leaves.

Binomial name

Phascolarctos cinereus

Range of the Koala Facts Habitat Protection Status

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