Horseshoe crab


What do you know about the Horseshoe Crab who are not crabs actually?

When you look at them, their shape is that of a horseshoe. They don’t belong to the species of crabs, but spiders, scorpions and ticks. Their main diet consists of worms. In fact, the marine animals can walk as well inside the water.

Horseshoe crabs are marine animals. It is a living fossil means similar or almost identical species were present 400 million years ago. Horseshoe crabs are not crabs, but they are related to arachnids such as spiders, scorpions and ticks. The horse crab also known as king crab and this species is declared as threatened and endangered.

The shape resembles that of a horse shoe

The shape resembles that of a horse shoe


Horseshoe crabs are a strange and unique type of water animal which have three main parts of the body, such as the head region, the abdominal region and the spine like tail. The color of horseshoe crabs is greenish gray to dark brown.


The horseshoe crab is a quiet and calm nature of water animal. They mostly spend time searching for their food in the water. They move, walk and swim under the water to eat.


The horseshoe crabs are mostly spread along the east coast of North America from Maine through south Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the Yucatan Peninsula.


So many crabs together

So many crabs together

The main food of their diet is worms and molluscs. They search their food on the ocean floor and sometimes also eat crustaceans and even small fish.


During the breeding season, they come to shallow coastal water’s shore to mate. The female horseshoe crabs are much larger than males. A male selects a female and clings to her back. The female digs a hole in the sand and lays her eggs. The female can lay 60,000 and 120,000 eggs at a time. The eggs take about two weeks to hatch and male fertilizes them.


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Scientific classification of Horseshoe crab

Horseshoe crab


Horseshoe crab

Horseshoe crab

Scientific Classification

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Range of the Horseshoe crab

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