Horse Facts Types


  • The original name of the horse is Equus Caballus. Horses are a mammal species in the equidae family. There are 86 different horse breeds in the world. Three groups of wild mammals are included in the horse family. In the first group, zebras (African origin); the second includes donkeys (including African wild donkey, kiang and onager living in Asia) and thirdly horses.
  • Horses can be tamed quite successfully. Rough horses are generally used in rural areas. In this way, people can use animal power in their daily work or use horses in the transportation sector.
  • While these animals appeared in the Eocene period (60 million years ago), they were initially as small as cats, while their feet were five toed; it is observed that they grew larger, finger numbers decreased and finger bones extended.
  • These animals are called a stallion to the male, vaulting to the load, mare to the female, foal to the cub and a newborn to the pup. The horse is the most capable and precious of animals serving human beings.

The image shows the different body parts of the horse

Horse Facts

  • Some horses reach a height of 185 centimeters. Also, the weight will depend mainly on the race or diversity released between 390 and 1,000 kilograms.
  • Although horses, stomachs and intestines are unique, they cannot ruminate. The volume of their one-piece stomach, like humans, is 10-19 liters. There is no gall bladder.
  • Horses have 40 teeth in male and 36 in female. It has twelve incisors, six in the upper and lower jaw and 24 crushing teeth, twelve in each chin.
  • They can dream and live an average of 25-30 years depending on environmental effects. Good care, good nutrition and regular work affect their long lives.
  • Famous for their speed, these animals are famous for their body resistance. Horses both run fast and can travel over long distances.
  • Since the past years, hoof and muscle structure have never evolved.
  • Wild horses are found in Asian and African deserts, savannas and meadows due to hunting and constant pursuit of human.
  • Interesting information about horses is that they are single hoofed and need animals for the animals to survive their normal lives.

A group of horses in the beautiful landscape

Horse Types

  • Arabian horse: It is a very durable perfect mount and race horse. It is derived from the Central Asian and Anatolian Turkish horses passing to Arabia. It is more durable than English horses and can travel 24-28 hours without drinking any water.
  • English horse: The English horse is a race horse and very good mount. It is especially grown for racing. It is a lineage derived from the mating of the Arabian stallion and the British native mares. It has longer legs than Arabian horse.
  • Pony horse: It is a small, calm and durable horse. It is a goat or ram. It is a good riding animal for kids. It is used in mines as well as in light touring cars. Shetland, Iceland and Norway ponies are famous.
  • Domestic horses: According to some scientists, the Scythians are said to be the first to tame the horse. It has been serving people for an estimated 5500 years. It is doubtful that today’s modern horses are derived from Asian wild horses. Some zoologists claim that it is derived from the European wild horse. Domesticated horses have many lineages. Today, the pedigree of the little Pony horses and the Thoroughbred Arabian horses is not exactly known.


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Scientific classification of Horse Facts Types

Horse Facts Types


The gestation period of the horse is on average 11 months or 48-49 weeks, that is, 320-340 days and usually gives birth to a babies. The baby’s eyes are born open and it stands up within an hour and starts watching its mother. Breastfeeding time is 20-24 weeks or 5-6 months. Breeding periods in horses begin with the arrival of spring. They mate many times during the heat period and only one foal birth takes place. Luckily, the foals are likely to be twins. Since the gestation period of the horses is not too long, the horses do not have a problem in the normal life process in this process.

Horse Facts Types

Horse Facts Types

Conservation status:


Scientific Classification


While the life of horses extends up to about 25 years, locals can live for about 40 years. It is worth remembering that these mammals did not reach adulthood until the age of 4, but since then they are ready to be tamed and collected. Wild horses are found in scarce Asian and African deserts, savannas and meadows due to hunting and constant pursuit of man.

The diet of horses takes place in herbivores. They are herbivores and feed on a wide variety of herbs and lawns. Horses need an adequate diet to avoid health problems to prevent dominant pathologies such as anemia or obesity.

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