Duck is commonly known as waterfowl because they found in ponds, streams, rivers, on water surface and even in deep water.
Ducks belong to Anatidae family. Ducks are related to Geese and Swans. Even sometimes they are confused with several types of unrelated water birds with similar forms, such as loons and coots.
The overall body of ducks is elongated and broad and long-necked, although not as long-necked as the geese and swans. A female duck is called a ‘hen’, they are identified by their very-dull, brown feathers reason behind is to protect them from enemies and they can easily save their young ones in nest. A male duck is called a ‘drake’, its brightly cultured feathers can identify them. They to attract the female ducks for mating use these colored feathers.
Ducks keep clean by posturing themselves. Ducks do this by putting their heads in funny positions and putting their beaks (mouth) into their body. Ducks like to groom themselves that’s why they preen often. Preening helps to removes parasites, scales which cover newly sprouting feathers and also involves the removal of spreading oil over clean feathers. As this oil make ducks water proof and they can easily swim and they don’t feel cold also due to webbed feet.
Ducks eat variety of food such as grasses, aquatic plants, fish, insects, small amphibians, worms, and small molluscs.
Most duck species breed once a year, that to in favorable conditions (spring/summer) and mainly in months of July to December they avoid reproduction due to less sunlight rays. Even they first make nest to protect and hatch their eggs. Once the female lays 5 – 12 eggs, she will sit on her eggs to keep them warm so that they can hatch into ducklings. It hatches in approximately in next 28 days normally and duckling able to fly within 5 – 8 weeks.
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