Centipedes Behavior, Nutrition and Habits


Centipedes is a type of arthropods or multicharms (myriopoda) class. It has a wide and flat body. It has a general length of 5 to 10 cm and a width of 5 to 9 mm. The height of individuals in Europe does not exceed 9 cm. In the tropical regions, the ones up to 17 cm can be found. It is fast and mobile. It is sheltered under stones. It hunts insects and spiders.

Centipedes Facts

  • The Centipedes body is made up of a distinct head and numerous similar rings (segments).
  • They have a pair of antennae, three pairs of bite chewing mouthpieces.
  • There are two composite eyes in the home centipedes type and two clusters (four on each side) are simple (osel) eyes in typical spikes. Some species do not have eyes.
  • One pair of walking legs emerge from each ring (except the last two rings). There is a claw-like nail on the toes. He can use his last long legs like a pincer. The legs of the first segment are in the form of a pair of poison hooks (keliser). Kelisers are channeled and open to a pair of venom glands.
  • Centipedes are land animals living in warm and temperate regions.
  • There are families such as Scolopendridae, Scutigeridae, Lithobidae.
  • Their colors are generally yellow, brown and green.
  • There are types ranging from 2-3 to 26.5 cm.
  • All are carnivorous and nocturnal animals. They hide in humid places during the day, such as stones, rotten stumps, leaves to basements and go hunting at night.
  • Sniffing senses are very sensitive. Its antennas are adorned with tactile and sensitive sniffing feathers.
  • They detect night prey from their odors.
  • They are fast-moving climber legs with many legs. Although the house centipedes type is 2 cm long and 3.5 mm wide, it travels 50 cm per second thanks to its very long legs.
  • The number of legs varies from 15 pairs to 173 pairs. These animals always have a single number of leg pairs. Most of them are 35 pairs. There are 21 pairs of legs in the home and Brazil animals (giant flowers = scolopendra gigantea) and 173 pairs in Geophildis.
  • They breathe with branched pipes system (trachea) like insects. Each ring has a pair of breath holes.
  • They reproduce with eggs. The female lays her eggs in the hollows in the soil. Some protect the eggs and take care of the kittens for a while.
  • Although born babies look like adults, the number of rings is lower. The number of rings grows with each change of skin. There are 7 segments (rings) in the hatchlings of the “Lithobius” breed of 2-3 cm tall, which are abundant in forested areas, greenhouses, gardens, under rotten leaves and pots.

Behavior, Nutrition and Habits

Adult centipedes often hide in dark, damp and secluded places in winters. In the summer or spring, they lay their eggs in moist soil. As Centipedes grows, other parts of their trunks and remaining pairs of feet are completed. Most centipedes species live more than a year, some even up to six years. Centipedes can enter houses and buildings, but they don’t walk around during the day. They are stored in humid places such as bathrooms, cupboards, ground floor and in places preferred by other pests. This animals feel their prey with their antennae with dense hairs. They inject poison into their victims by using their teeth on their jaw feet and immobilize their victims. They bring prey to their mouths through the first and second jaw feet and then shatter with their lower jaws. Most pits are carnivores and feed on other arthropods, including soft-bodied insects, spiders, worms and other centipedes.

What do Centipedes Eat?

Centipedes goes into action at night, paralyzing and eating cockroaches, aphids, book beetles, slugs, earthworms and even small lizards and mice with venom hooks. The height and poison increases as you go to the tropical regions. “Bermuda Centipedes” 15 cm tall bites the person he bites in a few days. The poison of the 26.5 cm giant lamb, which is abundant in South America and India, can kill people. A thin hairy and long-legged home boar with a hairy antenna, common in the kitchen, near the sink, walls and basements; It is useful for people as it hunts cockroaches, spiders and insects. Its poison is insignificant for people and it burns. Centipedes enter night shoes, tents, teapots and water jugs. It is necessary to avoid, as water from the jugs can bite the throat of the person and cause death. Before making tea, he should carefully check the inside of the teapots, turn them over before wearing the shoes.

What Attracts Centipedes?

Because Centipedes eat insects and other arthropods, drying food sources will be an important step in fighting them. For this reason, all harmful insects in the house and building must be detected before applying any spraying. Although the boomers can help residents get rid of cockroaches and houseflies, the larger species can produce as painful bites as humans sting. Some chickens can escape very quickly when they get scared. They can bite, which is quite painful when touched, causing drowsiness, discoloration and inflammation.

How Many Legs do Centipedes Have?

In Centipedes species, the number of legs varies from 15 pairs to 173 pairs. These animals always have a single number of leg pairs. Most of them have 35 pairs of legs. There are 21 pairs of legs in house and Brazilian centipedes and 173 pairs in Geophildis.

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Scientific classification of Centipedes Behavior, Nutrition and Habits

Centipedes Behavior, Nutrition and Habits


They have a preference for dark and damp places. Centipedes happen to a greater part of their life out of sight beneath the leaves, rocks, or inside the decaying wood. Centipedes are able to bite individuals as an act of self defense. Te good thing is that such injuries are hardly ever fatal.
The usual paces that they inhabit are the tropical rainforests, forests, savannas, and prairies. They exist across the world, which include the areas in close proximity to the Arctic Circle
They are usually predators that actively hunt for and slay their prey. They typically consume spiders, worms, insects, and mollusks. Larger species consume small birds, frogs, and bats.
Mating season typically happens throughout the spring & summer. Females lay a maximum of 60 eggs within holes in the earth. Incubation phase continues for between one and two months.

Centipedes Behavior, Nutrition and Habits

Centipedes Behavior, Nutrition and Habits

Scientific Classification


Centipedes generally live in damp areas, rotten logs, under leaves or stones.

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