Bengal Tiger, also called Indian Tiger, is a tiger subspecies from the felidae family. The number of Bengal Tigers, which were up to 40,000 until 100 years ago, is today around 2500-4500. This explains that a tiger gets shot every day. Although the Bengal Tiger population in India is much higher than other places, it does not represent a safe number due to the excessive increase in hunting and poisoning events. WWF1 announced in 1998 that tigers in the world decreased by 95% in the last century. Three tiger species have been extinct in the last century. On the other hand, efforts are made to protect Indian Tigers and millions of dollars are spent. Numerous examples can be shown on this subject. According to wild life experts, one in 2500 tigers is killed every day in India.
Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, South Tibet, particularly India and Bangladesh are naturally the most spread locations. However, zoologists think there are around 2500 to 4500 Bengal Tigers around the world today and most of them live in India. Bengal Tigers constitute for more than 60% of the tiger population living in the wild today. In 1972, India developed a huge protection program under the name Tiger Project. Thanks to this program, the number of tigers increased to 1200s in the 1970s to 3000s in the 1990s. This program is one of the most successful protection programs ever.
A big male Bengal Tiger can grow up to 3 meters tall. Female tigers are 2.6 meters tall. Weight can be up to 290 kilograms in male tigers. Female tigers weigh around 200 kilograms. They are also very good swimmers despite their heavy weight.
Bengal Tigers hunt most of the small and large animals. Indian tigers can eat mostly wild boars, sambar, barasingha, chital, nilgai, gaur, buffalo and sometimes fish. Sometimes they hunt small animals like rabbits, langur and peacocks. There is also evidence that Indian tigers rarely kill elephant and rhino offspring. Sometimes leopard, wolf, jackal, fox or even crocodile and wild dog can have prey. Adult tigers prefer to live alone (except mothers who take care of their offspring). The tigers, who do not know when to encounter a prey, do not approach the prey in a crowded manner and do not miss them, they surprise their prey. The habitats of Bengal tigers, who do not like open spaces, vary around 30-80 km2 depending on their nutrient availability. Wild boar and antelope species are basically the animals they hunt. It approach its prey by crawling and it is lunge from close range. The lines on the tiger’s post act as a camouflage against its prey. Their tails are an element of balance and a means of communication when they run quickly. It bites a small prey of 30 kilograms from the neck and hunts the spinal cord by savage. It attacks a 900-kilogram prey throat and prefers to kill it by drowning. More than one Bengal Tiger can roam at different times in an area and leave a mark. Tigers can eat more than 18 kilos at a time. Tigers do not eat a few days after eating once. Sometimes they move their prey to a safe place and eat there for days.
They are the long-haired and very huge tigers of the Bengal region. There are also albino ones. In India, there is a belief that when you eat the penis of Bengal tigers, it increases sexual power and therefore, although they are forbidden to hunt, the lives of these animals are in danger due to poaching. These are the tigers with the largest tooth length in the cat family. In the process of evolution; the teeth on the skull skeletons of their previous ancestors had a horrible length of about 15 cm, which extended to the bottom of the lower palate. Even more interesting was the finding the creatures killed by the ancestors of the Indian tigers. Two holes on the upper side of the skulls found attracted attention. Based on these holes, scientists point out how effective and strong jaw muscle and tooth structure of bengal tigers from ancient lineage are.
Bengal Tiger species are divided into two. These:
This tiger, which is thought to be a different species, can occur naturally by having the extraordinary gene that coincides once in 10000 births in both tigers. For the tiger to be white, it must have a recessive gene or an albino. The reason for a light-colored pigmentation is that the whelp receives the recessive gene from both sides. Pink nose, pink paws, gray-white mottled face, ice-blue eyes, a white-cream-colored fur and black-gray-brown stripes on it. White Bengal Tigers can copulate with orange ones, but the offspring will be heterozygous for the recessive gene and their feathers will be orange. The only exception is if there is a heterozygous in the mating orange tiger, then the offspring will have a double recessive gene with a 50% probability and be white. White Bengal Tigers were observed to be larger than Orange Tigers both at birth and in advanced stages compared to orange colored pigmentation tigers. However, although these tigers have a recessive gene, they are not albino as some think. There are also white bengal tigers without stripes. These tigers are also called Snow Tigers in India. The reason for this is that, because of the low opacity of the strips, it is believed that they do not have strips in the right light. Tigers with naturally recessive genes and albinism are not a different species. There are tigers that are selectively produced for the entertainment industry or there are mutations that are tried to be produced selectively by mixing different species.
Rogal Bengal Tiger has an average life span of 10 to 15 years. Average body weight, male bengal tigers weigh approximately 225 kg, female bengal tigers weigh about 135 kg. An average Royal Bengal Tiger is about 9 feet long and the female is about 8 feet long. They have extraordinarily strong teeth between 7.5 and 10 cm long. The tail length is 33 to 43 inches long. Severe in nature, the Royal Bengal Tigers are not very friendly in nature, and they live a lonely life, except that they are seen in a group of 3 or 4 in winters. Royal Bengal Tiger are very fast runners and good swimmers. They attack their prey in a stealth mode. They usually appear in marshes, mangroves and pastures. Generally, they do not expect a certain season for mating, but the mating rate is high in winter. The Royal Bengal Tiger produce to 4 to 5 cubs on average and the gestation period is 3 months. Royal Bengal Tigers have very sharp memories and never forget the faces they see. Its memory is sharper than humans and other animals. These tigers never roar, they hiss and swell as they fight other tigers.
The average lifespan of tigers in nature is 13 to 16 years. However, this period may decrease from 8 to 10 years in the zoo.
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Bengal Tiger Bengal Tiger, also called Indian Tiger, is a tiger subspecies from the felidae family. The number of Bengal Tigers, which were up to 40,000 until 100 years ago, is today around 2500-4500. This explains that a tiger gets shot every day. Although the Bengal Tiger population in India is much higher than other
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