Amazon River Pink Dolphin Facts Habitat

Amazon River Dolphin

Amazon River dolphin is a species of river dolphin that lives in the Amazon and Orinoco river systems in South America. The Pink Dolphins are only distant relatives with the dolphins living in the ocean and belong to different families as a family. Ocean Dolphins belong to Delphinidae and Amazon River Dolphins belong to platanistoidea family. Amazon River dolphin is a beautiful and captivating creature that inspires legends. These dolphins are known as the world’s biggest freshwater dolphins. Nowadays, the destruction of South American tropical rainforests due to commercial fishing and developing human population, Amazon River Dolphins are in danger like many endemic species in the region.

Amazon River Dolphin Facts

  • The Amazon River dolphin male is an almost 2.5 meter long, 400 kilograms of cetacean.
  • These animals are very clever.
  • They have a 40% larger brain than human.
  • These lovely dolphins do not have to live in groups because they are harmed by only one person.
  • The sizes of these animals range from 2.5 to 3 meters.
  • This dolphin species has no dorsal fin.
  • Their mouths are quite evident and have a long and thin structure.
  • The Amazon River dolphin is a mammal species, usually wandering in groups of two.
  • Pink dolphins hunt alone and practice feeding strategies during the high water season of the Amazon and at other times they are in groups of 5 to 8 under a dominant male dolphin.
  • Their weight varies between 90 to 150 kg.
  • Men reach up to 400 kg weight.
  • The men of the Amazon River Dolphin are bigger than the women.
  • There is a big difference in physical properties between male and female Amazon River dolphins, Females can be 50% shorter and lighter than males.
  • The most striking thing about them is that their skins are pink. This pink can also have a variety of shades, the Amazon River dolphin will be gray during birth and throughout its youth. These animals change color as they mature, on top of this, males are usually pinker than females, because they are much more aggressive than females and therefore their skin is more worn.
  • All of these color changes depend on the transparency, temperature and location of the water they live in.
  • In addition, the creamy white ones of these dolphins are encountered.
  • When the skin becomes thinner, the blood flowing under the skin becomes more prominent, what gives these animals its color is blood.
  • Amazon River Dolphins are very lonely animals. They rarely form groups, but they do not include more than four dolphins in this group.
  • These animals migrate during the rainy season.
  • The Amazon River dolphin has sharp teeth and a long nose. They use these features for hunting.
  • It is enough to go to the surface once in a while to breathe.
  • Amazon River dolphin hunts early in the morning and in the afternoon. Because fish communities pass right by them during these hours, which makes them very easy to hunt.

Amazon River Dolphin’s Habitat

The Amazon River starts from the Alpine Mountains in South America and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The Amazon River is among the largest biodiversity ecosystems in the world and is home to the Amazon River Dolphin. It is frequently seen in Amazon, Orinoco, Araguaia River and Tocantins River. Amazon River Dolphins live in the fresh waters of South America. These dolphins prefer small streams and rivers to live. They can also go to forests or plains submerged during the rainy season.

Reproductive

Amazon River Dolphins mate between December and February. It is known that a gestation period is 9-12 months. A newborn baby is born about 75 cm and 1 kilo. When females reach about 1.7 meters, males reach 2 meters, they reach sexual maturity.

Diet

  • They feed on small fish and crustaceans that live in the grass at the bottom of the river.
  • Sometimes they can also be fed with small turtles.
  • Their diet consists of a wide variety of animals, such as piranhas and perch.
  • The shape of the teeth and nose of these animals prevents sea turtle and lobster fishing.
  • They can be fed a wide variety of nutrients, they feed on more than 53 freshwater species.

Behavior

Under the normal conditions, Amazon River Dolphins display a very warm and sincere attitude when they meet people. However, contrary to the general view, they can be aggressive like all dolphins. These dolphins are very friendly and sensitive.

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Scientific classification of Amazon River Pink Dolphin Facts Habitat

Amazon River Pink Dolphin Facts Habitat

Orders

Every spring whenever there is rainfall in the South of America, the Amazon River and all of its tributaries starts to spill their banks. Generally, thousands of sq. miles of rainforests gets flooded, which creates a tree-canopied vast sea. Into this seasonal sea, that remains for almost half the year, you can find Amazon river dolphins swimming around, they are also known as boto. Botos are a lot like dolphins, with a wide dolphin smile, but unlike normal dolphins, they have big bulbous foreheads, and skinny, long beaks. Also, male amazon river dolphins can be pink in colour.
The colouring is because of scar tissues mostly from fighting over conquests or rough games. The more bright the pink is, the more attractive males are to the females- mostly during mating season. The mating season takes place when there is no water, and females and males are confined back to the riven channel again.

Amazon River Pink Dolphin Facts Habitat

Amazon River Pink Dolphin Facts Habitat

Scientific Classification

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