Ocelot




General

The Ocelot is a dwarf leopard that resembles a wild cat. They were known to be killed for their fur and were thus known as a vulnerable species. The ocelot is a member of the genus Leopards, and is classified under the family Felidae.

An Ocelot in the captive state

An Ocelot in the captive state

The Ocelot is known to be one of the most difficult members of the feline family. It is a wonderful combination of stripes, bars, chains, spots, dots and smudges. The Ocelot resembles a Margay but is twice as heavy and has a greater body length.

Characteristics

The Ocelot is a medium sized spotted cat that resembles a bobcat. It ranges between 55 and 100 cms in head-and-body length and weighs 8–16 kilograms. It has a thin tail that is 26–45 centimeters long and is ringed or striped. And is also shorter than the hind limbs. The round ears are marked are marked with a bright white spot that is in contrast to the background. They have brown eyes and golden fur. The fur is a short and smooth with basal hairs in the back.

Behavior

The Ocelot is known to be active in the twilight and is nocturnal in the night. They are thus difficult to observe. They are seen to be hunting in the daytime. They are active animals who hunt for 12-14 hours in a day and are seen on branches of trees, swimming in the river, running in the forest and under fallen trees.

Ocelot Leopards pardalis

Ocelot Leopards pardalis

Distribution

The Ocelot is distributed all over South America, as well as the islands of Margarita, Central America, Mexico, Trinidad as well as countries in Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Argentina, and Uruguay.

Diet

The Ocelot is a carnivore that preys on small mammals, opossums, rabbits, rodents, small birds, insects, fishes, and reptiles. It does not target on large animals like deer

Reproduction

Ocelots may mate at any time of the year, and the time of peaks occurs vary geographically – the peak times have been observed during autumn and winter in Mexico and Texas and during autumn in Argentina and Paraguay


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Scientific classification of Ocelot

Ocelot

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